Madder (scientific name: Rubia tinctorum) is a species of the genus madder. Plant the car in the Mediterranean, in North Africa and some Asian regions go. The stem of the plant is covered with tiny spines and has a height of about two meters. Madder using tiny spines that stick to walls and trees and goes up.
The leaves are oval, sharp as a group and to form an umbrella term that comes from the stem. The flowers are small and yellowish-green madder. Tyrhast colored fruits and meat. It is known madder root called a deep red color and a long, narrow and is cylindrical. A bitter and astringent taste and an important part of this plant is considered medicinal. The madder roots in the past was used for dyeing yarn and fabric.